Discussion Threads about this plant. This is purely on the basis of reducing the count of fluoride, which can damage the root system over the course of a few months and is commonly found in tap water to preserve hygiene. The species primarily originates from central America but has been introduced in other semi-arid climates around the world within the last century. If leaves higher in the plant are also browning, you’ve got a different problem. You might want to water from the bottom once or twice. For queries or questions, comment in the section below or send us a message via this link! . Not only will the gentle shift in the soil's structure mimic the work of small invertebrates in the wild (worms, etc. Do NOT press or compact it. For stem or sucker cuttings, the best specimens are those located at the leading growths. The Yucca is a plant that has distinctive strap or sword like leaves, you have probably seen Yucca elephantipes (Spineless Yucca) in garden centres being sold as a houseplant. Over-watering symptoms include spotty brown leaves with yellow perimeters and a rotting stem. Send us an email via this link or a DM on Instagram if you're stuck with what to do next! and reduce the rate of transpiration (water loss through the leaves). You can ask multiple questions, including queries on plants, pests, terrariums, repotting advice and anything in between. A ten-minute call costs £3.99 (US$5), or £14.99 for thirty minutes. Keep the temperature around 18℃ (64℉) as this is the optimum temperature for root development - you can even use a bottom-heat pad to speed-up the process. Decide on rooting the cutting via water or soil. Origins, Temperature, Propagation, Repotting & Toxicity. I’ve had my yucca plant for 12 years now. Lack of light, too much intense light and over-watering are all common reasons why your Yucca will turn Yellow just like it will start to turn brown. Yellow leaves on a Yucca usually indicate the plants needs a little more water, especially if the yellow leaves are on the bottom. Typical signs of transplant shock are largely similar to under-watering, with wilting, yellowing leaves and stunted growth among the most common symptoms. As an indoor plant, spineless yuccas only grow to about 5 … Never situate a Yucca in a location where you can't read a newspaper, as typical signs of excess darkness are stunted growth, a pale foliar crown and yellowing lower leaves. Place the potted cutting in a transparent bag or box. Yellowing leaves on the bottom of the plant may indicate insufficient sun. I plant different flowers with similar colors with my yuccas for an attractive flower garden. in English Literature, as well as In some cases, it may be to do with too little light and not enough water. Although this won't kill your specimen, you may want to increase the local moisture to prevent the new growth from adopting these symptoms. It grows well in partial shade, but can also grow in full sunlight. Your Yucca Cane will thrive in bright indirect light. Lighting. Looks like this may continue to other leaves. You should aim to enter the compost between the base of the plant and the pot's edge, as failure to do so may lead to damaging its lower portion. The trunk can grow to four-foot-thick. However, it also features the beautiful white inflorescence many gardeners know Yucca for! Make the best incision possible to prevent the development of disease and remove the bottom half of the leaves. Attempts at pampering this sturdy plant may result in a yucca plant leaves turning yellow. Check the moisture in the soil surrounding each yucca plant that has yellow leaves. The bloom can be eaten and is considered to be high in potassium and calcium. The yucca most commonly available as an indoor plant in New Zealand is the Yucca Elephantipes. For more information on how to perform the perfect transplant, consider transplantation into a bigger pot, A confided environment will lock-in the humidity, Spineless Yucca - Y. Elephantipes/Gigantea, Location, Water, Humidity & Fertilisation. If your spineless yucca’s leaves start yellowing, it could be due to water or light issues. Leave the holes open for a few days before re-surfacing the compost to avoid it becoming overly dry. If you want to mulch for a neater appearance, use gravel or stones. The flower, Izote, is the national flower of El Salvador. It has a single trunk that is rough to the touch and quite thick in appearance, nearly four feet (1.2 m) wide at maturity. It is even used in salads. Sprouts often grow from the base of the trunk forming a multi-trunked tree. The ideal setting for this plant is somewhere that can offer a few hours of morning / evening sun, or at least with over-head lighting. It may have a thick, single trunk or be multitrunked resulting from a thickened, inflated, trunk-like lower base similar to an elephant's foot. By purpleinopp . Yucca aloifolia is also known as Spanish bayonet, and as its name implies this Yucca has very sharp leaves. Yucca schidigera (Mojave Yucca) Native to the deserts of Southern California along with several other southwestern states and Baja California, this common, medium-stemmed (up to 15 feet tall eventually) Yucca is one of the least-used Yuccas in landscaping, partly due to its dagger-like leaves but also because of its somewhat unkempt and less-than-ornamental appeal. ), but it'll also add oxygen back into the soil, thus reducing the risk of root rot. In fact, many people consider it to be self-sufficient and able to grow with minimal care. For matured specimens, introduce more grit to promote a stronger root ball - hit this link for more information on how to perform the perfect transplant. Regularly keep an eye out for pests, especially when re-introducing back indoors. Appearance of brown spots on the leaves is among one of the most common problems. As Yuccas tend to have smaller root systems (similar to the Dracaena), their root systems won't penetrate the soil enough, thus leading to dehydration and death. These leaves grow in a spiral rosette shape, making the yucca tree look like a tropical palm tree. Small, brown spots are typical traits of over-watering. The result is that roots start to rot, and the leaves turn yellow. four-foot-long leaves. Coupled with root rot, leaf-spot disease is an issue among specimens that are situated in too little light with too much soil moisture. If you notice the tiny red mites on your plant, take your potted yucca outdoors or into the shower and spray well, including the underside of the leaves. The Yucca gigantea was first formally described in 1859 by a French botanist named Charles Lemaire. As the name implies, the green leaves are not sharp and they alternate in a spiral pattern. You can safely remove the bag or box once new leaves emerge, as, at this point, there'll be a sufficient root system. White leaf-edges, along with a 'washed-out' appearance, are the result of too little water and over-exposure to the sun. Keep an eye out for mealybugs, spider mite, scale, thrips, whitefly & vine weevils. A brown, fleshy fruit that is not longer than one inch (2.5 cm) can be found on the spineless yucca, as well. The obvious cause could be over-watering and if the soil has been rather heavy for a long period of time, think about relocating it to a drier, brighter environment with an inspection for root rot. Fortunately Y. elephantipes commonly known as the "Stick Yucca" or as it should now make more sense; the "Spineless Yucca" doesn't have razor sharp leaves. In most of the cases, a Yucca plant turning yellow can be caused by the same things that turn the leaves brown. Variegated Spineless Yucca differs from the species only in the variegated, stripped leaf pat-tern. Never situate one in a north-facing room, especially in the autumn and winter months, as there won't be enough light during the day. They are strap-like, spineless and up to 1.2 m (4 ft) in length. ... Leaves: Evergreen: Flowers: Showy: Pollinators: Moths and Butterflies: Photo gallery: By _Bleu_ . You should aim for a semi-wooded base, but still juvenile enough to slightly bend with the diameter achieving between 1.5 - 2.5cm (0.7 inch). to maintain a good level of atmospheric saturation and to reduce the severity of environmental shock. Click here to read our article about the eradicating Spider Mite, along with some extra tips that you may not find elsewhere! Yucca plants, although sun lovers, can be scorched by the sun. Via Seeds, Stem Cuttings & Sucker Seperation. Spineless yucca plants thrive in bright light and can withstand some direct sunlight. to learn more about addressing transplant shock, and a step-by-step guide on performing the perfect transplant. In addition, it has a high tolerance to drought. Click on the link to learn about how to address this issue. Under-watering symptoms include entirely yellow/brown leaves, stunted growth and greying leaves; these issues are usually down to too much light/heat or forgetfulness, but is rather uncommon among gardeners. For best results, plant yuccas in sandy soil and don’t use organic mulch. Without immediate action, you'll run the risk of total destruction as the rot will slowly make its way up to the plant's base. Dee is especially interested in topics relating to medicine, legal issues, and home improvement, which are Over 2m in height and 0.7m in width once they reach maturity. If you need further advice with your houseplants, book an advice call with ukhouseplants' friendly and expert writer today! Never use diseased or weakened growth, as this will likely fail to root. Hygiene is the most crucial element of successful propagation. This is especially true for yucca houseplants placed right beside a hot, sunny window. Also referred to as spineless Yucca because its leaves aren’t nearly as spikey as some other species. The common houseplant yucca is the spineless yucca, Yucca gigantea (although it is sold as Y. elephantipes in the trade), with unusually soft and flexible leaves (for a yucca), lacking the usually nasty spine at the leaf tip. The spineless yucca, soft-tip yucca, or Yucca elephantipes is the tallest variety of yucca plant that does not have the sharp, sword-like leaves of other yucca varieties. For more information regarding this issue, be sure to click on the link above! If you water the plant regularly or plant it in soil that doesn’t drain freely, the roots begin to rot. The Spineless Yucca (Yucca Elephantipes) takes its name from the fact that its trunk is always larger at the base, reminiscent of an elephant foot. If the compost compacts itself after the first irrigation, level it out by adding more compost. The time in which it takes Yuccas to flower greatly depend on its level of maturity and its growing conditions. Keep the soil moist and maintain a bright, indirect location away from direct sunlight and other heat sources. Plant database entry for Variegated Spineless Yucca (Yucca gigantea 'Variegata') with 2 images and 9 data details. Native to Mexico, the spineless yucca can also be found in the Southern portion of the United States, the Caribbean, and other arid areas. Condensing the compost to support the cutting will push the oxygen above the soil line, suffocating the roots until they rot. The ‘Bright Edge’ has yellow borders on the leaves, and the ‘Variegata’ has white edges whereas the ‘Golden Sword’ has a yellow center. The trunk can grow to four-foot-thick. The surrounding humidity in the container will do its job by hydrating the leaves and its stem. Repot every three years in the spring using a Cactus & Succulent Compost and the next sized up pot. Its elongated leaves can measure as much as 75 cm in length and their ends are not pointed. I also like the fact that spineless yuccas are very hardy plants, and don't require special soil, fertilizer, or complex watering schedules to thrive. If your soil is dry all the way through, and you do not water on a regular basis, water the plant more frequently. Yucca filamentosa is a softer leaved species, also known as Adam’s needle. Yucca plant leaves turning brown can be a normal part of their lifecycle, provided the browning leaves are the oldest and closest to the ground. Some of them include yellowing of the leaves, lesions, brown discoloration on the surface of the leaves, and rotting of the stem. In terms of the frequency of irrigations, the season and light levels will directly govern the amount of waters per month. The ultimate height will take between 5 - 10 years to achieve, with 15cm of growth being put out per year. Remove any rotten debris and replace the water every ten days with lukewarm tap water to prevent shocking the plant. In the garden landscape, the hardy yucca plant grows up to 30 ft. (9 m) high. The exceptionally narrow leaves fan out in clumps. Yellowing lower leaves are the direct result of too little light and/or over-watering. Repot every three years using a well-draining potting mix (we'd recommend a Cactus & Succulent Compost to prevent over-watering). Bright Edge has spiny-tipped leaves that are 2-feet long and are edged with threads that are curly. Spineless Yuccas are pretty much disease-free. Never use a poorly stored bag of compost as it'll promote larvae or perennial seeds to arise. ' Genus Yucca can be evergreen perennials, shrubs or trees, with dense or loose rosettes of stiff, sword-shaped leaves and tall panicles of bell-shaped flowers. Open the bag every few days for fresh air, keeping the soil evenly moist and NOT soggy - if it looks saturated, leave it! with a 7cm (3 inches) pot that has adequate drainage holes. Situate it in a bright, indirect location away from any heat sources (i.e. Please consider supporting this service to keep ukhouseplants thriving! Although this is a common issue among horticulturalists, this shouldn't happen. Sprouts often grow from the base of the trunk forming a multi-trunked tree. Wet, soggy soil can cause root rot, which results in dying, yellow leaves. Common name Yucca, Spanish bayonet, spineless yucca, Adam’s needle and thread, Spanish dagger Botanical name Yucca aloifolia, Y. elephantipes, Y. filamentosa, Y gloriosa Group Shrub or tree Flowering time Summer (sparsely) Planting time Spring Height and spread 55cm-10m (22in-33ft) by 1.5-8m (5-26ft) Aspect Outdoors: full sun to light shade.Indoors: bright, filtered light It has a thick, branching trunk that settles at the base with appears like an elephant’s foot and leaves that can grow up to 4 feet long. Gradually increase the amount of light every few days, starting from an indirect location to a few hours of morning/evening sun over a few weeks. You need bright light for your yucca to really thrive. It started out with 3 trunks in one pot and now I only have 1 left. Average room humidity is more than enough to accommodate this species. her specialty when contributing to wiseGEEK. The fruit is not a significant food source for wildlife, it is not conspicuous, and it does not fall to the ground. One thing you will need to look out for, however, is root rot. After around six months, transplant into a slightly bigger pot, keeping in mind transplant shock (where the root hairs are damaged or over-touched). Once the roots surpass 3cm (1.1 inches), you can safely pot them up. Click here to learn more about addressing transplant shock, and a step-by-step guide on performing the perfect transplant. Give the plant a good soak 24hrs before the action and never tinker with the roots, unless it has been affected by root rot. A mature Yucca is bold and striking with straight angular edges, it looks very fitting in modern homes. Yucca elephantipes, also known as the spineless or soft-tipped yucca, is a small evergreen tree reaching around 9 meters in the wild, but it is usually smaller in cultivation. If you’re looking for a little more color, many variegated yuccas are also available. Spineless yuccas are one of the few yucca plants suitable as a houseplant. Please note that the leaves' edges are also razor sharp, so always wear protective gloves when handling. If the dormancy period is served well during winter, white flowers arranged in panicles will develop high above the foliage, lasting several weeks. The stiff, leathery, evergreen leaves are smooth and spineless, hence the common … Monthly intervals is best, using either a houseplant feed or general plant food at half of the recommended strength. Never situate a Yucca in a location where you can't read a newspaper, as typical signs of excess darkness are stunted growth, a pale foliar crown and yellowing lower leaves. Although this is the official name of the species, some still refer it to. Yuccas will warn you of low lighting conditions by becoming a brighter green, then yellowing and browning if … Spineless Yucca Diseases. If your specimen is located in a dark environment, use a chopstick to gently stab the soil in various areas. You'll rarely have to water the soil due to the moist air. As you'll be cutting through vulnerable tissue, using uncleanly equipment will introduce harmful pathogens to the cutting and its mother plant. When yucca weevils enter the plant, they leave holes in the leaves. The leaves of Y. elephantipes while not overly sharp still have a pointed end, so you … Yellowing lower leaves - A gradual loss of lower leaves is the natural part of ageing, but if there's evidence of heavy soil with yellowed foliage, remove its pot (leaving the rootball untouched) in a brighter location to aerate the soil. 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