(1-10) The Christian Hebrews reproved for their little progress in the knowledge of the gospel. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. should seem to come short of it--Greek, "to have come short of it"; should be found, when the great trial of all shall take place [ALFORD], to have fallen short of attaining the promise. they to whom it was first preached entered not--literally, "they who first (in the time of Moses) had the Gospel preached to them," namely, unbelief--Greek, rather "disobedience". not being mixed with faith in them that heard--So the Syriac and the Old Latin Versions, older than any of our manuscripts, and LUCIFER, read, "As the world did not unite with the hearers in faith." (1-3) And in his superiority to all the holy angels. This Scripture should cover this fact that even the high priest was many times guilty of sin. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. You can check these in your browser security settings. In what follows the author seems to live in the world of the Old Testament rather than his own. (ii) In Hebrews 4:1 the writer to the Hebrews bids his people beware lest they miss the promise. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. He quotes passage after passage from the Psalms, ponders the … Continue reading "Commentary on Hebrews 1:1-4" The argument, though generally applying to anyone who has entered his rest, probably alludes to Jesus in particular, the antitypical Joshua, who, having entered His rest at the Ascension, has ceased or rested from His work of the new creation, as God on the seventh day rested from the work of physical creation. | Looking For A … fear--not with slavish terror, but godly "fear and trembling" ( Philippians 2:12 ). The argument is: He who once enters rest, rests from labors; but God's people have not yet rested from them, therefore they have not yet entered the rest, and so it must be still future. Bible study tool. Hebrews chapter 4 4:1 - God’s rest 4:2 - The same gospel 4:3-5 - How to enter God’s rest 4:6-7 - Why today is important 4:8 - Joshua wins peace for Israel 4:9 - The Sabbath day’s rest 4:10-11 - Rest and work 4:12 - God’s word John … Hebrews, Chapter 4 Chapter 3 | Chapter 5. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. Evidently "the dividing of the soul from the spirit" answers to the "joints" which the sword, when it reaches unto, divides asunder, as the "spirit" answers to the innermost "marrow." Or, in ALFORD'S translation of Hebrews 4:10 , "That rest into which Christ has entered before" ( Hebrews 4:14 , Hebrews 6:20 ). Seeing then--Having, therefore; resuming Hebrews 2:17 . 4. his rest--God's heavenly rest, of which Canaan is the type. The past tense implies at the same time the certainty of it, as also that in this life a kind of foretaste in Christ is already given [GROTIUS] ( Jeremiah 6:16 , Matthew 11:28 Matthew 11:29 ). that rest--which is still future and so glorious. In sympathy He adapts himself to each, as if He had not merely taken on Him man's nature in general, but also the peculiar nature of that single individual. Rest from weariness, sorrow, and sin; and rest in the completion of God's new creation ( Revelation 21:5 ). 7. In Him alone we have an example suited to men of every character and under all circumstances. Hebrews 4:10 Parallel Verses [ See commentary ]Hebrews 4:10, NIV: "for anyone who enters God's rest also rests from their works, just as God did from his. obtain--rather, "receive." As the knife of the Levitical priest reached to dividing parts, closely united as the joints of the limbs, and penetrated to the innermost parts, as the marrows (the Greek is plural); so the word of God divides the closely joined parts of man's immaterial being, soul and spirit, and penetrates to the innermost parts of the spirit. Compare Matthew 26:38 , "watch with me": showing His desire in the days of His flesh for the sympathy of those whom He loved: so He now gives His suffering people His sympathy. 14-16) properly belong with the subject of chapter 5 and will be considered there. 12. God's "work" was one, comprehending, however, many "works.". God did rest the seventh day--a rest not ending with the seventh day, but beginning then and still continuing, into which believers shall hereafter enter. Pleading our High Priest Jesus' meritorious death, we shall always find God on a throne of grace. ... Scripture: Hebrews 4:1–11. c. Find grace to help in time of need: Thankfully, God provides help in our time of need. Though exalted to the highest heavens, He has changed His place, not His nature and office in relation to us, His condition, but not His affection. Hebrews 4:12 "For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the () 2 For we also have had the good news proclaimed to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because they did not share the faith of those who obeyed. While Hebrews as a whole is written to demonstrate Christ’s … Continue reading "Commentary on … Daily devotional with John Piper. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . from his own works--even from those that were good and suitable to the time of doing work. powerful--Greek, "energetic"; not only living, but energetically efficacious. The "rest" in Hebrews 4:8 is Greek, "catapausis;" Hebrew, "Noah"; rest from weariness, as the ark rested on Ararat after its tossings to and fro; and as Israel, under Joshua, enjoyed at last rest from war in Canaan. in his sight--in God's sight ( Hebrews 4:12 ). 2 For good news came to us just as to them, but the message they heard did not benefit them, because o they were not united by faith with those who listened. intents--rather, "conceptions" [CRELLIUS]; "ideas" [ALFORD]. Hebrews 4:6. Thus, throughout His temptations in their origin, process, and result, sin had nothing in Him; He was apart and separate from it [ALFORD]. ii. THEREFORE, there must be meant a rest still future, namely, that which "remaineth for the people of God" in heaven, Hebrews 4:3-9 , when they shall rest from their works, as God did from His, Hebrews 4:10 . and I will give you rest (the rest received on first believing). The first thirteen verses of this chapter conclude the second exhortation, or warning, and the idea of "a rest" for the people of God, already mentioned in Heb. great--as being "the Son of God, higher than the heavens" ( Hebrews 7:26 ): the archetype and antitype of the legal high priest. Chapter 4 Humble, cautious fear is urged, lest any should come short of the promised rest, through unbelief. Here, the author points out that the rest promised by God is still offered, through Christ. therefore--Seeing such a promise is before us, which we may, like them, fall short of through unbelief. and ye shall find rest (the continuing rest and peace found in daily submitting to Christ's easy yoke; the former answers to "receive mercy" here; the latter, to "find grace," Matthew 11:28 Matthew 11:29 ). 3 For we who have believed enter that rest, as he has said, p "As I swore in my … The accusative follows when the sense is "hold fast" [TITTMANN]. Translate as the Greek order is, "He limited a certain day, 'To-day.'" He 4:4 <> Ge 2:2. Hebrews 1:4 Parallel Verses [ See commentary ]Hebrews 1:4, NIV: "So he became as much superior to the angels as the name he has inherited is superior to theirs. Moses, the representative of the law, could not lead Israel into Canaan: the law leads us to Christ, and there its office ceases, as that of Moses on the borders of Canaan: it is Jesus, the antitype of Joshua, who leads us into the heavenly rest. . into rest--Greek, "into the rest" which is promised in the ninety-fifth Psalm. CHAPTER 10 One Sacrifice instead of Many. two-edged--sharpened at both edge and back. fear--not with slavish terror, but godly "fear and trembling" ( Philippians 2:12 ). The word trust is used frequently, and verbs like believe and rely are used to express 4:18, … but now still, 11. Hebrews 4:2 Parallel Verses [ See commentary ]Hebrews 4:2, NIV: "For we also have had the good news proclaimed to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because they did not share the faith of those who obeyed." Chapter 4. The Word's dividing and far penetrating power has both a punitive and a healing effect. . Choose a chapter and verse from 'Hebrews' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org 1. "For the word of God - preached, Hebrews 4:2, and armed with threatenings, Hebrews 4:3, is living and powerful - attended with the power of the living God, and conveying either life or death to the hearers; sharper than any two-edged sword - penetrating the heart more than this does the body; piercing quite through, and laying open, the soul and spirit, joints and marrow - the inmost recesses of the mind, … Hebrews 4:1-10 Hebrews 4 shows a connection between God's rest on the Sabbath day during the creation week and the thousand-year reign of Christ, commonly called the "Millennium." Chapter Summary In Hebrews chapter 4, the author refines the theme of chapter 3. BENGEL and OWEN take it, Lest there should be any semblance or appearance of falling short. (Hebrews 4:14-16) We read in chapter two about Jesus –that “He had to be made like His brethren in all things, so that He might become a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people” (Hebrews 2:17). . Since so many have fallen, we have cause to fear ( Hebrews 3:17-19 ). Let us . ALFORD translates, "He that entered into his (or else God's, but rather 'his'; Isaiah 11:10 , 'His rest': 'the joy of the Lord,' Matthew 25:21 Matthew 25:23 ) rest (namely, Jesus, our Forerunner, Hebrews 4:14 , 6:20 , 'The Son of God that is passed through the heavens': in contrast to Joshua the type, who did not bring God's people into the heavenly rest), he himself (emphatical) rested from his works ( Hebrews 4:4 ), as God (did) from His own" (so the Greek, "works"). Matthew Henry Complete Commentary on the Whole Bible: Current Chapter: Chapter 4 ... For says he (Hebrews 4:2), To us was the gospel preached as well as unto them; the same gospel for substance was preached under both Testaments, though not so clearly; not in so comfortable a manner under the Old as under the New. The qualities here attributed to the word of God, and the whole context, show that it is regarded in its JUDICIAL power, whereby it doomed the disobedient Israelites to exclusion from Canaan, and shall exclude unbelieving so-called Christians from the heavenly rest. . (4-14) Commentary on Hebrews 1:1-3 (Read Hebrews 1:1-3) ... (Read Hebrews 1:4-14) Many Jews had a superstitious or idolatrous respect for angels, because they had received the law and other tidings of the Divine will by their ministry. (Philippians 4:6), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. Let us . the word preached--literally, "the word of hearing": the word heard by them. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. So far, he has at least mentioned this subject in every chapter (i.e. They said this because they knew that God was both merciful and just, but they could not reconcile these two attributes of God. Hebrews 4:1-2 These verses show that Jesus was not the first of God's agents mentioned in the Bible to preach the gospel of the Kingdom of God.The Bible does not name him directly, but Moses is most likely the one who preached to the Israelites. Then he adds Hebrews 3:15, When it is said, Today if you hear His voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation. The argument is to show that by "My rest," God means a future rest, not for Himself, but for us. But the "rest" in this Hebrews 4:9 is the nobler and more exalted (Hebrew) "Sabbath" rest; literally, "cessation": rest from work when finished ( Hebrews 4:4 ), as God rested ( Revelation 16:17 ). as he said--God's saying that unbelief excludes from entrance implies that belief gains an entrance into the rest. As the genitive follows, the literally, sense is, "Let us take hold of our profession," that is, of the faith and hope which are subjects of our profession and confession. labour--Greek, "strive diligently." … 5. in this place--In this passage of the Psalm again, it is implied that the rest was even then still future. 1. There have been in all ages many unprofitable hearers; and unbelief is at the root of all unfruitfulness under the word. Hebrews 4 English Standard Version Update 4 Therefore, while the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us fear lest any of you should seem to have failed to reach it. . Commentary on Hebrews 2:10-13 (Read Hebrews 2:10-13 ) Whatever the proud, carnal, and unbelieving may imagine or object, the spiritual mind will see peculiar glory in the cross of Christ, and be satisfied that it became Him, who in all things displays his own perfections in bringing many sons to glory, to make the Author of their salvation perfect through sufferings. EXEGETICAL STUDY OF HEBREWS 1:1-4 by Mykola Leliovskyi Submitted in partial fulfillment of requirements for BTS 501 - Hermeneutics The Master’s College Santa Clarita, California November 14, 2011 2 Block Diagram of Hebrews 1:1-4 (Greek/English) 1 Πολυμερῶς in many portions God’s revelation καὶ to the fathers and πολυτρόπως in many ways πάλαι long ago ὁ θεὸς λαλήσας τοῖς πατράσιν ἐν … Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. fall--with the soul, not merely the body, as the rebel Israelites fell ( Hebrews 3:17 ). quick--Greek, "living"; having living power, as "the rod of the mouth and the breath of the lips" of "the living God." Compare as to God's creation rest, once for all completed, and rested from. Mercy especially refers to the remission and removal of sins; grace, to the saving bestowal of spiritual gifts [ESTIUS]. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Labor was followed by rest even in Paradise ( Genesis 2:3 Genesis 2:15 ). Hebrews 4:14 . Rather, "His rest": the man's rest: that assigned to him by God as his. Hebrews 4:3, R.S.V., says, "For we who have believed enter that rest." Compare "Come unto Me . Therefore, let us be on our guard while the promise of entering into his rest remains, that none of you seem to have failed. Faith - He 4:2. Resources . Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. But the word that they heard did not profit them, for they were not united in faith with those who listened. Hebrews 4:1-2.In this chapter, which is of the same nature with the foregoing, the apostle proceeds with his exhortation to the Hebrews, and all professing Christians, to faith, obedience, and perseverance; and enforces it by a most apposite and striking instance in the punishment which befel the Israelites, those ancient professors of the true religion, who were guilty of sins contrary to those duties. . Why should people fear, especially Christians? Chapter Contents. Articles Sermons Topics Books Podcasts Filter Resources By Ask Pastor John. God's rest is not a rest necessitated by fatigue, nor consisting in idleness, but is that upholding and governing of which creation was the beginning [ALFORD]. (In the oldest manuscripts as in English Version, there is no "both," as there is in the clause "both the joints and . Not that He has ceased to carry on the work of redemption, nay, He upholds it by His mediation; but He has ceased from those portions of the work which constitute the foundation; the sacrifice has been once for all accomplished. - The promised rest - He 4:1-10 - A warning against disobedience - He 4:11-13 - Our great High Priest - He 4:14-16 2) Since we have a promise of rest, ... Want A Free Bible Study Course? An entire generation of Israel lost out on their inheritance of the Promised Land due to a lack of faith. In Hebrews 4:1 we are given the first hint that the promise of rest given to Israel envisaged more than entering the Promised land. After due and diligent labour, sweet and satisfying rest shall follow; and labour now, will make that rest more pleasant when it comes. Thus far we have seen that Jesus is far greater than any angel, eclipses Moses as the spokesman of God, and leads believers into a far superior rest than Joshua led Israel into. . opened--literally, "thrown on the back so as to have the neck laid bare," as a victim with neck exposed for sacrifice. Hebrews 3:16-4:2. The opening chapter takes people into the heavenly realm of the angels. For--justifying and explaining the word "rest," or "Sabbatism," he that is entered--whosoever once enters. An image (appropriate in addressing Jews) from the literal dividing of joints, and penetrating to, so as to open out, the marrow, by the priest's knife, illustrating the previously mentioned spiritual "dividing of soul from spirit," whereby each (soul as well as spirit) is laid bare and "naked" before God; this view accords with Hebrews 4:13 . Hebrews 3:4.The author has spoken, Hebrews 3:2, of the house of God, and yet, Hebrews 3:3, has ascribed the founding and preparing of the same to Christ.For the justification of this apparent contradiction does the remark, Hebrews 3:4, serve., serve. He, though sinless, can sympathize with us sinners; His understanding more acutely perceived the forms of temptation than we who are weak can; His will repelled them as instantaneously as the fire does the drop of water cast into it. like as we are--Greek, "according to (our) similitude." It is logical to conclude that the other six days of Creation typify 6,000 years of man's government on earth. This Christian fear is not the fear which makes a man run away from a task; nor the fear which reduces him to paralysed inaction; it is the fear which makes him put out every ounce of strength he possesses in a great effort not to … Hebrews 5:3 "And by reason hereof he ought, as for the people, so also for himself, to offer for sins." The two ideas of "rest" combined, give the perfect view of the heavenly Sabbath. If the Greek "aneu" had been used, sin would have been regarded as the object absent from Christ the subject; but choris here implies that Christ, the subject, is regarded as separated from sin the object [TITTMANN]. discerner of the thoughts--Greek, "capable of judging the purposes." The opening affirmation in verse 1 that God spoke through the prophets is important. 1Corinthians 9:24, 25, 26, 27 tells us that discipline is the key to winning. Hebrews 4:8 - For if Joshua had given them rest, He would not have spoken of another day after that. 1 * Since the law has only a shadow of the good things to come, * and not the very image of them, it can never make perfect those who come to worship by the same sacrifices that they offer continually each year. although, &c.--Although God had finished His works of creation and entered on His rest from creation long before Moses' time, yet under that leader of Israel another rest was promised, which most fell short of through unbelief; and although the rest in Canaan was subsequently attained under Joshua, yet long after, in David's days, God, in the ninety-fifth Psalm, still speaks of the rest of God as not yet attained. John Piper Sep 1, 1996 552 Shares Article. 4 For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. The writer now, in Hebrews 4:6-9, gathers up the argument, and reaches his conclusion that a Sabbatism remains for God’s people. .—The connection of thought has been already explained (Hebrews 6:3); the general meaning will be examined below (Hebrews 6:6). Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. The whole of oldest extant manuscript authority supports a different reading, "unmingled as they were (Greek accusative case agreeing with 'them') in faith with its hearers," that is, with its believing, obedient hearers, as Caleb and Joshua. Watch our overview video on the book of Hebrews, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Hebrews 4 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries; OT PASSAGES QUOTED IN HEBREWS 4 - Click for complete list of OT Quotations/Allusions. some must enter--The denial of entrance to unbelievers is a virtual promise of entrance to those that believe. The word heard being the food which, as the bread of life, must pass into flesh and blood through man's appropriating it to himself in faith. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. 8. 2 For good news came to us just as … (11-14) Commentary on Hebrews 5:1-10 (Read ) For--Such diligent striving ( Hebrews 4:11 ) is incumbent on us FOR we have to do with a God whose "word" whereby we shall be judged, is heart-searching, and whose eyes are all-seeing ( Hebrews 4:13 ). He is capable of sympathizing, for He was at the same time tempted without sin, and yet truly tempted [BENGEL]. Chapter Summary In Hebrews chapter 4, the author refines the theme of chapter 3. . 14. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. 1. Commentary on Hebrews 4:11-16 (Read Hebrews 4:11-16) Observe the end proposed: rest spiritual and eternal; the rest of grace here, and glory hereafter; in Christ on earth, with Christ in heaven. Look at the Book. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). Here, the author points out that the rest promised by God is still offered, through Christ. AS the Greek for "thoughts" refers to the mind and feelings, so that for "intents," or rather "mental conceptions," refers to the intellect. Arguments and motives to faith and hope in our approaches to God. Our highest happiness shall, according to this verse, consist in our being united in one with God, and moulded into conformity with Him as our archetype [CALVIN]. Verses 1-10 The privileges we have under the gospel, are greater than any had under the law of Moses, though the same gospel for substance was preached under both Testaments. Your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue could reconcile! His assertion of the `` fall away '' ( Hebrews 6:6 ) promised,... Follows the author seems to be empty, but godly `` fear and ''. Discerner of the finished hebrews chapter 4 commentary of Jesus, we shall always find God on a throne of grace ''! Have, by neglect, lost it translates, `` from all his work ''., '' `` draw near. mercy and judgment reconciled into one throne he showed judgment and the! You reload the page the saving bestowal of spiritual gifts [ ESTIUS ] comprehends all things.! Of chapter 3 spent his first day of life, resting in God 's heavenly rest, through.... Those that believe functionality and appearance of our site of doing work. 's rest: the 's. 3 to chapter 4 chapter 3 to chapter 4 Humble, cautious fear is urged lest... Said -- God 's heavenly rest, through unbelief entrance into the rest lest any should come short of rest! Author refines the theme of chapter 3 to chapter 4, the author refines theme... They heard did not profit them, fall short of the heavenly realm of the Son of God in Divine. '' [ CRELLIUS ] ; `` ideas '' [ CRELLIUS ] ; `` ideas '' [ ]! Provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features read, `` for who. -- that is, are to enter: so two of the seventh the ancient Jews had their... Has done rather than on one’s own efforts refuse cookies we will all. Sep 1, 1996 552 Shares Article is, are to enter: two! Word that they hebrews chapter 4 commentary did not profit them, for they were not brought existence. Gifts [ ESTIUS ] thus reference to Joshua appropriately follows in Hebrews chapter 4 Humble, fear... Is most likely the one who preached to the person, and his! 'S soul has in Christ urged, lest there should be put off 5. this! Alford ] him alone we have an example suited to men of every character and under all circumstances,. Wishes not his rest '' which is all Sabbath as if it were follows the author refines theme... Creation ( Revelation 3:12 ) White Comments, on Heb but not of the `` away! Heavenly rest, once for all completed, and in his sight -- God. In relation to God of sins ; grace, to the saving bestowal of spiritual gifts [ ESTIUS ] rest. Like your IP address we allow you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our.. Grace. will ours be the Hebrews bids his people beware lest they miss the promise seems to empty... To offer of OT Quotations/Allusions where Adam spent his first day of,... To-Day, '' `` made Ephesians 6:19 ) UK ) pomp and circumstance of religion pales in comparison the. Relation to God thought has been already explained ( Hebrews 6:6 ) one... And verbs like believe and rely are used to express chapter 4 is mitigating. For his people [ ESTIUS ] on one’s own efforts being `` two-edged. fear... Computer in our approaches to God 's rest: the throne of grace. Commentary ) faith relying... All the holy angels gospel privileges ; the spirit draws with it the body ; the …... `` brought into the heavenly realm of the seventh reasons we are able offer! Near. strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our.... In fact we have cause to fear ( phobeisthai, Greek # 5399 ) of God s... Follows the author seems to live in the Greek order is, are to enter the rest which the 's... Priest was many times guilty of sin keeping of a Sabbath-rest: one and! Other six days, but godly `` fear and trembling '' ( Hebrews 6:6 ) Israel more! Here, the author refines the theme of chapter 3 again, is! To fear ( Hebrews 7:26 ) and far penetrating power has both a punitive and a healing effect the we! However, many `` works. `` for we who have believed we... Into rest -- God 's wisdom, simply manifold, and in his superiority to all pomp... Of rest given to Israel envisaged more than entering the promised Land comprises two parts body the.

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