[LeetCode] Permutations and Permutations II (Java) July 18, 2014 by decoet. 47. Permutations II Medium Permutation Sequence Hard Combinations Medium Sign in to view your submissions. Permutations II: Given a collection of numbers, nums, that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations in any order. Maximum Subarray 54. ²ç»å­å¨äºå¤å°ä¸ªæ°å­ class S ... ãä¸å¤©ä¸éLeetCodeã#47. Permutations II ä¸å¤©ä¸é Algorithm for Leetcode problem Permutations All the permutations can be generated using backtracking. Letter Combinations of a Phone Number, 30. The exact solution should have the reverse. tl;dr: Please put your code into a
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section. level = 2, i = 1 => out: {1 2 } skipped 1 }. Permutation Sequence. It will still pass the Leetcode test cases as they do not check for ordering, but it is not a lexicographical order. [leetcode] Permutations II. level = 3, i = 0 => out: {1 2 2 } skipped 1 Given a collection of numbers that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations [LeetCode] 47. Given a collection of numbers that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations. N-Queens II 53. Permutations II å¨æåä¹äº - Grandyang - åå®¢å­ ¯ 49. Maximum 54. 47. start = 0, i = 1 => {2 1 2} -> {1 2 2. res; Unique Paths II â¦ For example, [1,1,2] have the following unique permutations: [1,1,2], [1,2,1], and [2,1,1]. Permutations II. one.insert(one.begin(). level = 3 => saved {1 2 2} ); Example Input: [1,1,2]O LeetCode; 2020-02-10 2020-10-13 \(\) Challenge Description. Given a collection of numbers that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations. Given a collection of numbers that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations. Given a collection of numbers, return all possible permutations. 这道题是之前那道 Permutations 的延伸，由于输入数组有可能出现重复数字，如果按照之前的算法运算，会有重复排列产生，我们要避免重复的产生，在递归函数中要判断前面一个数和当前的数是否相等，如果相等，且其对应的 visited 中的值为1，当前的数字才能使用（下文中会解释这样做的原因），否则需要跳过，这样就不会产生重复排列了，代码如下：, 在使用上面的方法的时候，一定要能弄清楚递归函数的 for 循环中两个 if 的剪枝的意思。在此之前，要弄清楚 level 的含义，这里用数组 out 来拼排列结果，level就是当前已经拼成的个数，其实就是 out 数组的长度。我们看到，for 循环的起始是从0开始的，而本题的解法二，三，四都是用了一个 start 变量，从而 for 循环都是从 start 开始，一定要分清楚 start 和本解法中的 level 的区别。由于递归的 for 都是从0开始，难免会重复遍历到数字，而全排列不能重复使用数字，意思是每个 nums 中的数字在全排列中只能使用一次（当然这并不妨碍 nums 中存在重复数字）。不能重复使用数字就靠 visited 数组来保证，这就是第一个 if 剪枝的意义所在。关键来看第二个 if 剪枝的意义，这里说当前数字和前一个数字相同，且前一个数字的 visited 值为0的时候，必须跳过。这里的前一个数 visited 值为0，并不代表前一个数字没有被处理过，也可能是递归结束后恢复状态时将 visited 值重置为0了，实际上就是这种情况，下面打印了一些中间过程的变量值，如下所示：, 注意看这里面的 skipped 1 表示的是第一个 if 剪枝起作用的地方，skipped 2 表示的是第二个 if 剪枝起作用的地方。我们主要关心的是第二个 if 剪枝，看上方第一个蓝色标记的那行，再上面的红色一行表示在 level = 1, i = 1 时递归调用结束后，恢复到起始状态，那么此时 out 数组中只有一个1，后面的2已经被 pop_back() 了，当然对应的 visited 值也重置为0了，这种情况下需要剪枝，当然不能再一次把2往里加，因为这种情况在递归中已经加入到结果 res 中了，所以到了 level = 1, i = 2 的状态时，nums[i] == nums[i-1] && visited[i-1] == 0 的条件满足了，剪枝就起作用了，这种重复的情况就被剪掉了。, 还有一种比较简便的方法，在 Permutations 的基础上稍加修改，用 TreeSet 来保存结果，利用其不会有重复项的特点，然后在递归函数中 swap 的地方，判断如果i和 start 不相同，但是 nums[i] 和 nums[start] 相同的情况下跳过，继续下一个循环，参见代码如下：, 对于上面的解法，你可能会有疑问，我们不是在 swap 操作之前已经做了剪枝了么，为什么还是会有重复出现，以至于还要用 TreeSet 来取出重复呢。总感觉使用 TreeSet 去重复有点耍赖，可能并没有探究到本题深层次的内容。这是很好的想法，首先尝试将上面的 TreeSet 还原为 vector，并且在主函数调用递归之前给 nums 排个序（代码参见评论区三楼），然后测试一个最简单的例子：[1, 2, 2]，得到的结果为：, [[1,2,2], [2,1,2], [2,2,1], [2,2,1],  [2,1,2]], 我们发现有重复项，那么剪枝究竟在做些什么，怎么还是没法防止重复项的产生！那个剪枝只是为了防止当 start = 1, i = 2 时，将两个2交换，这样可以防止 {1, 2, 2} 被加入两次。但是没法防止其他的重复情况，要闹清楚为啥，需要仔细分析一些中间过程，下面打印了一些中间过程的变量：, 问题出在了递归调用之后的还原状态，参见上面的红色的两行，当 start = 0, i = 2 时，nums 已经还原到了 {1, 2, 2} 的状态，此时 nums[start] 不等于 nums[i]，剪枝在这已经失效了，那么交换后的 {2, 2, 1} 还会被存到结果 res 中，而这个状态在之前就已经存过了一次。, 注意到当 start = 0, i = 1 时，nums 交换之后变成了 {2, 1, 2}，如果能保持这个状态，那么当 start = 0, i = 2 时，此时 nums[start] 就等于 nums[i] 了，剪枝操作就可以发挥作用了。怎么才能当递归结束后，不还原成为交换之前的状态的呢？答案就是不进行还原，这样还是能保存为之前交换后的状态。只是将最后一句 swap(nums[i], nums[start]) 删掉是不行的，因为递归函数的参数 nums 是加了&号，就表示引用了，那么之前调用递归函数之前的 nums 在递归函数中会被修改，可能还是无法得到我们想要的顺序，所以要把递归函数的 nums 参数的&号也同时去掉才行，参见代码如下：, 明显发现短了许多，说明剪枝发挥了作用，看上面红色部分，当 start = 0, i = 1 时，递归函数调用完了之后，nums 数组保持了 {2, 1, 2} 的状态，那么到 start = 0, i = 2 的时候，nums[start] 就等于 nums[i] 了，剪枝操作就可以发挥作用了。, 这时候你可能会想，调用完递归不恢复状态，感觉怪怪的，跟哥的递归模版不一样啊，容易搞混啊，而且一会加&号，一会不加的，这尼玛谁能分得清啊。别担心，I gotcha covered! level = 0, i = 1 => out: {2 } -> {} recovered, ; permuteUniqueDFS(nums, level, level = 0, i = 0 => out: {} Except for one differient point: there are duplicate elements in array, but we need to return the all unique permutations. DO READ the post and comments firstly. Serialize and Deserialize Binary Tree. Given a collection of numbers that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations. String/Array (41) Two Pointer (36) Math (24) DP (20) Subset (18) Linked List (17) ... Graph (1) Heap (1) Morris Traversal (1) Monday, February 16, 2015. Two Sum (sorted) 1.2. } Problem. swap(nums[i], nums[start]); Permutations II (Java) LeetCode. Factor Combinations. è±è±é± LeetCode 1654. Permutations II Medium 2616 73 Add to List Share Given a collection of numbers, nums, that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations in any order. Return an empty list if no palindromic permutation could be form. N-Queens (Hard) 52. LeetCode LeetCode Diary 1. Hello everyone! Add Two Numbers (Medium) 3. Maximum 54. This order of the permutations from this code is not exactly correct. Convert Sorted List to Binary Search Tree, 116. level = 2, i = 2 => out: {1 2 } Combinations (Python) 2020.11.18 [leetCode] 19. Combinations . Permutations II. ä¹åçé£é Combinations åç±»ä¼¼ï¼è§£æ³åºæ¬ç¸åï¼ä½æ¯ä¸åç¹å¨äºé£éä¸åçæ°å­é¡ºåºåªç®ä¸ç§ï¼æ¯ä¸éå¸ â¦ [LeetCode] Populating Next Right Pointers in Each ... Binary Tree Level-order traversal [LeetCode] Binary Tree Maximum Path Sum [LeetCode] Sort Colors [LeetCode] Jump Game I && II [LeetCode] Permutations I & II [LeetCode] Gas Station [LeetCode] Search for a Range [LeetCode] Search Insert Position [LeetCode] Clone Graph [LeetCode] Add Binary For example, if the collection is [0, 1, 1], the result will contain two [0, 1, 1]s. The idea is to maintain a rule about which one of the duplicate numbers can appear in the permutations. res.front(); Add Two Numbers ... Permutations II 48. April 8, 2015 in all / leetcodeé¢è§£ / ä¸­æ tagged Leetcode by songbo. res.push_back(nums); (next_permutation(nums.begin(), nums.end())) { This page is empty. Rotate Image 49. } Permutations II Given a collection of numbers that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations. , res); N-Queens 52. The test case: (1,2,3) adds the sequence (3,2,1) before (3,1,2). N-Queens II 53. Binary Tree Zigzag Level Order Traversal, 105. Longest Substring Without Repeating Characters (Medium) ... 47. start = 0, i = 1 => {2 1 2, ]; Group Anagrams 50*. Java Solution 1 é¢ 1 å° 300 çæå æå®¢æ¶é´ä¼æ  1. é¢ 1 å° 300 çæå æå®¢æ¶é´ä¼æ  1. res.insert(a); 31. res.push_back(nums); Permutations. N-Queens II 53. Convert Sorted Array to Binary Search Tree, 109. Two Sum (Easy) 2. Example 1: Input: nums = â¦ leetcodeåç±»æ»ç» Introduction 1. æ±åé®é¢2sum, 3sum, k sum... 1.1. 254. For example, level = 2, i = 0 => out: {1 2 } skipped 1 } LeetCode LeetCode Diary 1. This challenge is similar with previous one: Permutations. If you had some troubles in debugging your solution, please try to ask for help on StackOverflow, instead of here. é¢ 1 å° 300 çæå æå®¢æ¶é´ä¼æ  ... Permutations II 48. [Leetcode][python]Permutations II/å¨æå II. Leetcode: Palindrome Permutation II Given a string s , return all the palindromic permutations (without duplicates) of it. Lowest Common Ancestor of a Binary Search Tree, 236. Group Anagrams (Medium) 50. Compare Version Numbers (Python) 2020.11.19 [leetCode] 77. [LeetCode] 46. permute(nums, start. Rotate Image 49. Group Anagrams 52. permute(nums, = 1, i = 2 => {2 2 1} recovered Given a collection of numbers that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations. äº #é¡ç®Given a collection of numbers that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations. Permutations II. LeetCode Diary 1. Spiral 55. Construct Binary Tree from Inorder and Postorder Traversal, 107. Permutations II -- leetcode Given a collection of numbers that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations.For example, [1,1,2] have the following unique permutations : â¦ res; 47 Permutations II â Medium Problem: Given a collection of numbers that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations. LeetCode: Permutations II. Next - Medium. DO READ the post and comments firstly. sort(nums.begin(), nums.end()); Permutations II (Medium) 49. Add and Search Word - Data structure design, 235. Next Permutation. Find Minimum in Rotated Sorted Array, 154*. Find First and Last Position of Element in Sorted Array, 80. LeetCodeè§£é¢æ¥å ... Permutations II. Find Minimum in Rotated Sorted Array II, 211. ³åºrecursionæ¡ä»¶ä¸ºlen(path) == len(num) è®¾ç½®ä¸ä¸ªflagæ°ç»ï¼æ¥å¤å®ä¸ä¸ªåç´ æ¯å¦è¢«è®¿é®è¿ Permutations II Medium Permutation Sequence Hard Combinations Medium Subscribe to unlock. By zxi on July 26, 2018. Rotate Image 49. So the algorithm used to generate each permutation is the same to solve permutations problem. level = 3, i = 1 => out: {1 2 2 } skipped 1 nums.erase(nums.begin()); Two Sum 2. level = 3, i = 2 => out: {1 2 2 } skipped 1, level = 2, i = 2 => out: {1 2 2 } -> {1 2 } recovered tl;dr: Please put your code into a
`YOUR CODE`
section.. Hello everyone! Remove Nth Node From End of List (Python) 2020.11.16 [leetCode] 397. Sheng September 3, 2020 at 6:06 pm on Solution to Odd-Occurrences-In-Array by codility I do not know your programming language, and did not debug the code. Group Anagrams 50. For example, [1,2,3] have the following permutations: level = 1, i = 1 => out: {1 2 } -> {1 } recovered, level = 2, i = 2 => out: {2 1 2 } -> {2 1 } recovered Maximum Subarray 54. Minimum Jumps to Reach Home è±è±é± LeetCode 1625. So the algorithm used to generate each permutation is the same to solve . permuteUniqueDFS(nums, .push_back(nums[i]); N-Queens II 53. For example, [1,1,2] have the following unique permutations: [1,1,2], [1,2,1], and [2,1,1]. N-Queens II 53. Maximum Subarray 56. 47. LeetCode â Permutations II (Java) Related Problem: Permutation Thoughts: This problem is a follow up of permutations in leetcode (see related problem). Add Two Numbers (Medium) 3. Cherry Pickup II Hard 374 5 Add to List Share Given a rows x cols matrix grid representing a field of cherries. Maximum Number of Achievable Transfer Requests res.erase(res.begin()); t; Cancel Unsubscribe â¦ For example, [1,1,2] have the following unique permutations: ... LeetCode Given two numbers represented as strings, return multiplication of the numbers as a string. For example, Length of Last Word 60. level = 1, i = 1 => out: {1 } Permutations II from leetcode solution. Pow(x, n) (Medium) 51. Add Two Numbers (Medium) 3. swap(nums[i], nums[start]); Permutations å¨æå ... Permutations II. Posted on January 15, 2018 July 26, 2020 by braindenny. Remove Duplicates from Sorted Array II, 82. Similar Problems: CheatSheet: Leetcode For Code Interview; CheatSheet: Common Code Problems & Follow-ups; Tag: #combination, #backtracking; Given a collection of numbers that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations. Populating Next Right Pointers in Each Node, 117. If you want to ask a question about the solution. Active 2 years, 10 months ago. Remove Duplicates from Sorted List II, 103. For example, [1,1,2] have the following unique permutations: [1,1,2], [1,2,1], and [2,1,1]. Viewed 265 times 6 \\$\begingroup\\$ Given a collection of numbers that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations. Permutations II Given a collection of numbers that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations. JavaScript LeetCode 47: Permutations II (ç«æçè§£é¢è§é¢ç³»å L39 F226) Cat Racket Loading... Unsubscribe from Cat Racket? Thanks for using LeetCode! a.erase(a.begin(). Permutations II, leetcode, PYTHON 'Programming/ì½ë© 1ì¼ 1ë¬¸ì ' Related Articles [leetCode] 165. ... è±è±é± LeetCode 1654. Lexicographically Smallest String After Applying Operations è±è±é± LeetCode 1601. If you want to ask a question about the solution. è±è±é± LeetCode 47. res.push_back(one); ; level = 1, i = 0 => out: {1 } skipped 1 Two Sum (Easy) 2. sort(nums.begin(), nums.end()); Pow(x, n) 51. Each cell in grid represents the number of cherries that you can collect. 2019-03-26 2019-03-26 16:31:02 éè¯» 252 0. Substring with Concatenation of All Words, 34. Lowest Common Ancestor of a Binary Tree, 297. Rotate Image 49. Permutations II Medium 2617 73 Add to List Share Given a collection of numbers, nums, that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations in any order. Group Anagrams 52. æ±æ°ç»åç´ çå¨æå,æ°ç» sort(nums.begin(), nums.end()); Leetcode-Java Labels. Two Sum (Easy) 2. Pow(x, n) 51. Group Anagrams 50*. Minimum Jumps to Reach Home; è±è±é± LeetCode 1625. Binary Tree Level Order Traversal II, 108. ¯æ¯ï¼å¨éåçè¿ç¨ä¸­ï¼ä¸è¾¹éåä¸éæ£æµï¼å¨ä¸å®ä¼äº§çéå¤ç»æ Approach with Depth-first search. Two Sum Data Structure 1.3. é¢ 1 å° 300 çæå, 3. About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features To generate all the permutations of an array from index l to r, fix an element at index l and recur for the index l+1 to r. N-Queens 52. i, num); Medium - Previous. Merge Intervals 57. Permutations", because it will produce duplicate permutations. Given a collection of numbers that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations. Learn how to solve the permutations problem when the input array might contain duplicates. LeetCode â Permutations II (Java) Given a collection of numbers that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations. vector, i, first); Insert Interval 58. Longest Substring Without Repeating Characters (Medium) 4. Longest Substring Without Repeating Characters (Medium) ... Permutations II (Medium) Given a collection of numbers that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations. Lexicographically Smallest String After Applying Operations; Pow(x, n) 51. }. To view this solution you must subscribe to premium. Ask Question Asked 2 years, 10 months ago. Spiral 55. For example, [1,1,2] have the following unique permutations: é¢ 1 å° 300 çæå æå®¢æ¶é´ä¼æ  ... Permutations II 48. Construct Binary Tree from Preorder and Inorder Traversal, 106. Thoughts: This is similar to Permutations, the only difference is that the collection might contain duplicates. LeetCode â Permutations II (Java) Related Problem: Permutation . Add Two Numbers ... Permutations II 48. } Permutations II Hot Newest to Oldest Most Votes New javascript dfs with duplicates skip yomandawg created at: 2 hours ago | No replies yet. Permutations II Given a collection of numbers that might contain duplicates, return all possible unique permutations. åä¹åç permutations ç¸æ¯ï¼å¤äºéå¤ãé£ä¹æä¹è§£å³è¿ä¸ªéå¤é®é¢å¢ï¼ æ¯å¦ï¼ 1ï¼1,2 ä¸å¼å§è¿å¥ï¼ 1,1,2 1,2,1 ä¼åºç°è¿äºæåµï¼ç¶åéæ­¥éæ ï¼ç´å°ArrayList permutations ç©ºäºã Two Sum 2. }; = 1, i = 2 => {2 2 1} -> {2 1 2} recovered N-Queens 52. Populating Next Right Pointers in Each Node II, 123*. LeetCode: Permutations II. Rotate List 62. Thoughts: This problem is a follow up of permutations in leetcode (see related problem). level = 1, i = 0 => out: {2 1 } -> {2 } recovered, level = 2, i = 0 => out: {2 2 1 } -> {2 2 } recovered, level = 1, i = 2 => out: {2 2 } -> {2 } recovered Longest Substring Without Repeating Characters, 17. Best Time to Buy and Sell Stock III, 153. Permutations & Permutations II Permutations Given a collection of numbers, return all possible permutations. 好，既然还是要恢复状态的话，就只能从剪枝入手了，原来那种 naive 的剪枝方法肯定无法使用，矛盾的焦点还是在于，当 start = 0, i = 2 时，nums 被还原成了 start = 0, i = 1 的交换前的状态 {1, 2, 2}，这个状态已经被处理过了，再去处理一定会产生重复，怎么才知道这被处理过了呢，当前的 i = 2，需要往前去找是否有重复出现，由于数组已经排序过了，如果有重复，那么前面数一定和当前的相同，所以用一个 while 循环，往前找和 nums[i] 相同的数字，找到了就停下，当然如果小于 start 了也要停下，那么如果没有重复数字的话，j 一定是等于 start-1 的，那么如果不等于的话，就直接跳过就可以了，这样就可以去掉所有的重复啦，参见代码如下：, 到 start = 0, i = 2 的时候，j 此时等于1了，明显不是 start-1，说明有重复了，直接 skip 掉，这样剪枝操作就可以发挥作用了。, 之前的 Permutations 中的解法三也可以用在这里，只不过需要借助 TreeSet 来去重复，博主还未想出其他不用集合的去重复的方法，哪位看官大神们知道的话，请一定要留言告知博主，参见代码如下：, 之前的 Permutations 中的解法四博主没法成功修改使其可以通过这道题，即便是将结果 res 用 TreeSet 来去重复，还是不对。同样，哪位看官大神们知道的话，请一定要留言告知博主。后经过微信公众号上的热心网友 hahaboy 的提醒下，可以通过加上一个剪枝从而通过这道题，在最中间的 for 循环的最后，判断若 num 等于 t[i]，直接 break 掉当前循环，否则会产生重复项，参见代码如下：, 之前的 Permutations 中的解法五却可以原封不动的搬到这道题来，看来自带的 next_permutation() 函数就是叼啊，自带去重复功能，叼叼叼！参见代码如下：, https://github.com/grandyang/leetcode/issues/47, https://leetcode.com/problems/permutations-ii/, https://leetcode.com/problems/permutations-ii/discuss/18601/Short-iterative-Java-solution, https://leetcode.com/problems/permutations-ii/discuss/18596/A-simple-C%2B%2B-solution-in-only-20-lines, https://leetcode.com/problems/permutations-ii/discuss/18594/Really-easy-Java-solution-much-easier-than-the-solutions-with-very-high-vote. 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